Masada: Nearly 1000, Jewish men, women and children who had survived the destruction of Jerusalem, occupied and fortified King Herod’s mountaintop palace complex of Masada near the Dead Sea, where they held out for three years against repeated Roman attempts to dislodge them.

When the Romans finally scaled Masada and broke through its walls, they found that the defenders and their families had chosen to die by their own hands rather than be enslaved.