The Mount of Olives is located on the east of Jerusalem and named for olive groves that have grown there from the ancient past until today. On the slope of the Mt. is where the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus after the Last Supper, agonized and prayed before his arrest. The mountain ridge runs north to south and is the point for the most picturesque view of Jerusalem looking across the Kidron Valley unto the Temple Mt. and Dome of the Rock. It is in the early morning and sunset when the sun casts golden over the city, giving the city the name, “Jerusalem of Gold.”
The Kidron Valley (Valley of Josaphat (meaning God will judge) and Valley of Decision} is where the Book of Joel sites as being where the Lord will enter into final Judgment. (Joel 3) This scripture has marked the Mt. of Olives as a place of importance for Judaism, Christianity and Islam as well. To await the coming of Messiah and be present on Judgment Day is the reason Jews and Moslems have laid out cemeteries on each side of the Kidron Valley on the slope of the Mt. of Olives and in front of the walls of the Temple Mt. The large Jewish Cemetery dates back to Biblical times.